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Autism Spectrum Disorder Medications

Autism Spectrum Disorder Medications for Treating Seizures

Seizures are found in one in four people with autism spectrum disorder, most often in those who have low IQ or are mute. They are treated with one or more of the anticonvulsants. These include such medications as:


The level of the medication in the blood should be monitored carefully and adjusted so that the least amount possible is used to be effective. Although medication usually reduces the number of seizures, it cannot always eliminate them.


Autism Spectrum Disorder Medications for Inattention and Hyperactivity

Stimulant medications such as methylphenidate (Ritalin®), used safely and effectively in people with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, have also been prescribed for children with autism spectrum disorder. These medications may decrease impulsivity and hyperactivity in some children, especially those higher functioning children.
Several other medications have been used to treat autism spectrum disorder symptoms; among them are other antidepressants, naltrexone, lithium, and some of the benzodiazepines such as diazepam (Valium®) and lorazepam (Ativan®). The safety and efficacy of these medications in children with autism has not been proven. Since people may respond differently to different medications, your child's unique history and behavior will help your doctor decide which medication might be most beneficial.
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